The Twelfth Edition of Tata Literature Live! The Mumbai Litfest
Thursday, November 18th to Sunday, November 21st 2021

Virtual Festival
Real Books

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Medley By The Sea

  • Sunday, 22nd Nov
  • 12:15 pm - 1:15 pm IST

In the 19th century, the decline of the Mughal Empire and British colonial policies that diluted the power of princely states precipitated the movement of musicians and courtesans from all over the country to emerging economic hubs, such as Mumbai. Musicians of all backgrounds and genders mingled in Mumbai: Muslims from hereditary musician families, middle-class Hindu musicians who spoke Marathi, Hindi, Kannada or Konkani as their mother tongues, and women from Goa’s kalawant families, or hereditary lineages of artistes. Parsis set up organisations to teach this music and cultivate listeners. Wealthy Gujarati patrons supported musicians. Audiences also came from diverse class, linguistic and regional backgrounds. In these divisive times, this session offers a glimpse of how Mumbai became a hub for Hindustani music and in the process forged its pluralistic ethos.

Session presented by NCPA


Aneesh Pradhan

Aneesh Pradhan is one of India’s leading tabla players.

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Tejaswini Niranjana

Tejaswini Niranjana is a scholar and translator. Among her books are Musicophilia in Mumbai (2020), and Mobilizing India: Women, Music and Migration between India and Trinidad (2006).

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Priya Purushothaman

Priya Purushothaman is a Hindustani vocalist, educator and writer.

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Books In The Session

Musicophilia in Mumbai

  • Tejaswini Niranjana
  • Tulika Books

Chasing The Raag Dream

  • Aneesh Pradhan
  • Harper India

Hindustani Music in Colonial Bombay

  • Aneesh Pradhan
  • Three Essays Collective



Supported By



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